THE BUNGGU. BUNGGU TRIBE, THE NOMADIC TRIBE
The Bunggu tribe is the name given to the tribal communities that inhabit the mountainous regions of North Mamuju with nomadic lifestyles.
Some of them have interacted with other tribes. However, few still survive inland and become alienated tribal communities or primitive tribes.
Some people among the Bunggu who are generally still known as one of the primitive tribal communities began to recognize interactions with other tribes and form villages. In general, the village of Bunggu tribe in North Mamuju, in Kapung Ngowi
Their daily lives are more suspended in nature. For decades they were known as communities that made use of the natural produce around them.
Pakava village will be used as a traditional village of Bunggu tribe. My visit to the Bunggu community in Pakava Village and met Pa'pango, the Bunggu chief in Kampong Ngowi. Pa'pango is very unpretentious, big tall, fair-skinned, but far from haunted. He was 72. According to the head of the Bunggu Tribe, Pa'pango, their origin, comes from Mount Pinambani, Central Sulawesi.
The Bunggu people are originally from the Kaili tribe of Central Sulawesi. Their grandmother spread to other regions for example to West Sulawesi, North Mamujun, because in North Mamuju the forest is still good and lebab and suitable to live in because many foodstuffs and herwan animals are biased to be hunted.
The spread of the Bunggu is more influenced by nomadic lifestyles or life moving from place to place.
The Bunggu house is generally high on the tree, so some people named it Tribe on the Tree and their house weighs rattan leaves and walled palm leaves.
And the size of the house ranges from 4x6 m. there are 2 rooms in the house, one for the guest and the second space for the bed and dapaur, the house is usually 5 to 10 m or 15 m above the tree and use the stairs to climb the house.
They build with gotong royong system and all the materials used come from the surrounding forest.
In one house sometimes they live 2 or 3 families together. And after they stayed a few months in that place and they already felt the groceries had started to get difficult in can they move again to another place, which may be many animals or tubers that are biased in consumption.
They started a new life in the tenmpat and they began to forest to open plantation land and build treehouses or stage houses.
The land that was once left behind will be brought back, if they consider that the land has been fertile again or the trees that have grown can be toppled with the help of an axe. If they are still reeds, they will not go back and look for a location that is 5-7 kolometers away from the abandoned location.
There are several reasons why they choose to move around. They leave the land they have been working on if one member of their community is sick or dies. The land or area is considered no longer friendly. They must move away from the corpses, so as not to be disturbed from the spirits of the dead.
Another reason for leaving the land that has been opened to the village and used as a garden for about six months is that the harvest time has run out. The fields where yams or corn are planted have also been overgrown with grass or tall reeds. The Bunggu are not used to clearing grass-overgrown fields.
In general, they consume yams and corn as a staple food. In addition to being easy to plant, this plant is also faster harvested. Sago trees are used as food barns, and most people make rice as a staple food. Sago becomes one of the staple foodstings while waiting for the fruiting of the sweet potato and corn crops that they grow.
The Bunggu people also know the traditional party held once a year between May-June and held for three days. This traditional party became a meeting of all Bunggu people who have lived together, and who still live in the mountains. This traditional feast is a ritual commemorating the birth of a child and is held simultaneously in Bantaya.
Some unique rituals are performed in this customary feast. To call all the Bunggu communities scattered in the outback, they are not called one by one. "We send a sign through the wind calling them with the customary process. It is only certain people who know the call and this is what is spread to one village (in one community)," said Chief Pa'pango.
Generally they live in small groups. To find a Bunggu community living in the forest, it's quite difficult. They settled deep inland amid dense forest and the terrain had to be taken very hard.
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